Jackie Carroll has been a freelance writer since 1995. It is the national flower of Nepal. If there is a need to fertilize, do it only in spring. Their preference is usually for morning sun, but they will take more if given excellent soil conditions and watering. And of course in the spring, they put on their own show with flowers ranging in color from white, to pink, to red, depending on the cultivar. It can also encourage too much foliage growth without flowering. Follow application instructions on the product label. These are often semi-evergreen, with largish single flowers in mid- to late May. Their small lance-shaped leaves often colour up in autumn. In some cases, the flowers will have pink blotches on the edge of its petals. It produces pink flowers with a diameter of around 2.75 inches. 1 In that range, specific nutrients azaleas need stay readily available. She holds a Bachelor of Science in medical technology from the University of North Carolina. Azalea Johanna A showy display of vivid red flowers in Spring on a compact evergreen plant with bronzy foliage through Autumn and Winter. In Holland, the first appearance of azaleas was in 1680, which was from Japan. There are azaleas that can function as a groundcover while there are also some that can grow tall. It will also be necessary to prune the plant early in the s… Consult with the specific variety of the azalea as this will be indicative of the sun or light requirements. To keep bushes compact, tip-pinch frequently, starting after flowering ends and continuing until mid-June. If the water stays for too long on the surface, this can be a reason for the plant to suffer from root rot, among other problems. A hardy azalea, its blooms are bright orange in color, which will show in spring. Insects that can affect azaleas include lace bugs and spider mites . There are two classifications of azaleas, namely deciduous and evergreen. This will be the case if you have an acidic and nutrient-rich soil. kiusianum, a dense, twiggy shrub growing up to 2-3 feet. Use a fertilizer with twice as much nitrogen as phosphorous or potassium. In the rest of this post, we will share with you some of the most important things you need to know about azaleas, including how to grow the plant and how to take care of it. More so, we will also discuss its different varieties to help you choose which one is best to grow. Encourage bushy growth by clipping off the tips of the branches several times a year. Read more here! If space is not an issue, this is a good choice for an azalea to plant in the garden. Evergreen azaleas are dense, usually shapely plants; heading back the occasional wayward branch restores symmetry. Because evergreen azaleas hold their leaves year-round, they make great backdrop plants for seasonal flower beds. Evergreen azaleas do not have high fertiliser requirements but the addition of fertiliser at the time of planting is important. If you have home and garden ideas, feel free to write for us. Avoid planting in winter, though mid autumn can be an option in areas where there is adequate shelter from drying o r unsettling wind. Cover the entire root zone of the plant with a 2- to 4-inch layer of coarse organic mulch to insulate the roots from temperature extremes and conserve moisture. By Allen Owings . It has been an important parent in the development of hardy evergreen azaleas. Flowers from autumn into winter before producing a stunning burst of colour in the spring, complemented by glossy green foliage all year round. Its maximum height is four feet while the maximum width is three feet. Mulching is important to help retain moisture in the soil and to supplement the nutrients that the roots need. Ideally, the temperature should be anywhere from 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The shallow root system and small size of Azalea japonica makes it an ideal candidate for container growing on a balcony or terrace. Azaleas naturally thrive in the acidic soils beneath natural woodlands or ornamental groves of evergreen and hardwood trees. The bloom time varies with the variety and you can extend the season of interest by interplanting varieties of evergreen azaleas that bloom in late winter, spring and summer. Azaleas and rhododendrons are shrubs for all seasons. There are several ways to use azaleas, such as through the following: To plant azalea, you do not need to start from a seed. Winter care is easy for azaleas too. The The blossoms are large and consist of rounded white flowers. In the summer, however, you need to water more frequently as the heat can cause dehydration. Pay attention as well to proper storage and handling, which will provide you with the assurance that the flower will stay fresher longer. Azaleas Can Inhibit the Growth of the Plant If There is Full Sun. Fertilizer designed for acid-loving plants is perfect for evergreen azaleas because it helps maintain the soil pH as it feeds the plant. With a well-draining soil and sunny location, among other requirements, azaleas will survive. Evergreen Azaleas, (sometimes called Japanese azaleas) keep their leaves in winter, and typically grow to 40-80cm (18"-30") in 10 years. Unlike other flowers, they are not for cooking or for medical applications. Choose from 31 multiseason blooming azalea varieties that love sun or part shade. The world's best-selling reblooming azalea, Encore Azaleas bloom in spring, summer and fall. A deciduous azalea, it has showy and bright yellow blooms. Some types undergo fall foliage changes, but the colors are never as stunning as deciduous fall azaleas. Because of its size, this is a good choice for container gardening. The flowers have five to six stamens, as against other rhododendrons that have up to ten stamens. These flowering plants require minimal maintenance once established. However, your articles must be unique, informative, made of short and straightforward sentences. They have showy blooms that are sure to add beauty to any space. The height of azalea can reach up to ten feet, which makes it important to have a generous amount of space in the garden. Do not plant directly from the bottom of the blooms. More than the big flowers, it is also popular for its distinct fragrance. A primary reason that young plants fail is that they were not protected from moisture fluctuations. Summary. Deciduous Azaleas are taller, reaching 120-150cm (4'-5') in 10 years, and lose their leaves in the autumn, often with some wonderful colours first. It is a late blooming variety, which explains the name of the plant. The same things can be true in the case of infestation from the most common azalea pests, such as caterpillars, leaf miners, thrips, lace bugs, and stunt nematodes. Azaleas are a long lived plant if properly cared for and can live as long as 50 years although they are a slow grower. The length of the flower can be two to four inches. Azalea shrubs are enchanting straight from the first day of spring, whether your azaleas are indoors or outside. However, while the common rhododendron produces blooms in clusters, azalea only has a single bloom in one stem. Planted high in an acidic, humus soil and provided with high shade, any azalea will perform well. Find the perfect spot in the garden. The flame red flower of this azalea makes it attractive. Evergreen azaleas, sometimes called Japanese azaleas, are smaller and slower growing, reaching up to 3ft ( up to 90cm) after ten years. It is an evergreen azalea that will grow best in a soil with high acidity and in places with warm weather. Press firmly from the top and water the surface lightly. All of the Encore varieties keep their foliage year-round as compared to native varieties of azaleas, which are deciduous (meaning they lose foliage in mid- to late-fall and new foliage emerges in late winter to early spring). Meanwhile, the spread can be anywhere from two to three feet. While water is necessary for the growth of the plant, overdoing it is one of the leading causes of azalea’s death. Evergreen azaleas are suitable for container growing, due to their size, or smaller gardens. Some deciduous types produce gorgeous autumn colors, while evergreen varieties add year-round interest to the garden. It has an average height of six to 12 inches. The width, on the other hand, will be approximately three to five feet. Most do well with morning sun and afternoon shade or in a spot with dappled sunlight all day. Both are members of the Rhododendron family. —R. One of the main benefits of Encore Azaleas – beyond their stunning blooms – is their evergreen foliage. Three main evergreen cultivar groups include: Kaempferi azaleas. In the summer, however, you need to water more frequently as the heat can cause dehydration. Evergreen azaleas (Rhododendron spp.) You have to be careful about watering. Azalea is a perennial shrub that is a part of the Rhododendron family. These diseases can delay the flowering of the plant and can also demonstrate loss of vigor. The shrub grows upright, but it is round. This will help in maintaining its compact shape. They may be slow-growing, but with patience and determination, success is easy to achieve, even as a novice gardener. Fertilize once a year in late winter when the plants break dormancy. The spring color of azalea blooms is sure to brighten up any garden. Most of them bloom at the same time in one season. Lace bugs are more likely to target shrubs that are grown in areas of full sun. Homyden.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. offer year-round interest with foliage that stays green and spectacular blooms once or twice a year. With the right growing conditions or environment, there will be no more need for fertilizing. You have to be careful about watering. Hybridizes in nature with R. kaempferi and others. Evergreen azaleas have a big advantage over some other garden shrubs when it comes to pruning - lop off the end of most any branch or twig that is not heavily shaded and a healthy plant will soon activate new buds (called adventitious buds) below the cut end. Evergreen azaleas tend to grow in crazier shapes, so heading off a wonky branch will give your plant symmetry. A native to Thailand and China, azaleas were popular in Asia since the ancient times, especially in Chinese medical texts. Proper care and maintenance will be necessary, but luckily, you do not need to exert a lot of effort in keeping the plant in its best condition. Using a garden shovel, dig a hole on the surface, making sure that it is big enough to accommodate the root ball of the azalea that you will be transplanting. A pH of around 5.5 is a must. They will also help in the prevention of the growth of weeds. It is a hardy plant that thrives well in almost any climate, especially if you provide it with tender loving care. For evergreen azaleas that bloom twice a year, such as Encore or Indica series hybrids, prune after the second flush of flowers. Evergreen Azaleas, also known as Azalea Japonica or Japanese Azaleas, are hardy evergreen plants that can be grown outside and as the name suggests many are grown in Japan and have a traditional place in Japanese gardens. Most Azaleas flower in May and grow to 60-75 cm in 10 years, but look out for our speciality late flowering nakaharae Azaleas which are prostrate, and excellent for cascading over walls or tubs. If you cannot decide on which variety is best to grow, below is a quick look at some of the choices you might want to look at: This dwarf type of Encore azalea reaches a maximum height of only 2.5 feet and spread of three feet. Rather, you will have to begin with a seedling or a young plant. There are some varieties that are primarily for groundcover, which can have a maximum height of only 12 inches. Evergreen Azaleas. For novices in gardening, this is one of the best picks for an azalea to grow. Since many azaleas are evergreen, if planted in a windy area, a covering of burlap will protect it from drying winter winds. Evergreen azaleas are not as cold hardy as deciduous types -- most are limited to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 or 6 through 8 or 9. The pH level should be anywhere from 5.5 to 6 since azalea will thrive best in a soil that is slightly acidic. Azaleas are not demanding in terms of the care and maintenance that they require. If you are looking for an azalea that will make an excellent choice for a groundcover, this is one that should be on the top of your list. How to Plant Encore® Azaleas - In this video I show how to plant Encore® Azaleas. The foliage is lustrous green. offer year-round interest with foliage that stays green and spectacular blooms once or twice a year. It is strongly recommended to place these plants out of the reach of pets such as cats or dogs as they are the common victims of poisoning from the honey. Care of Evergreen Azalea Plants. It produces bright orange flowers. The acidity of the soil is equally important. If there are dead branches, or ones showing symptoms of diseases, prune them the soonest to avoid the infection from spreading. ... How to Care for Azaleas. In most cases, the flowers are a symbol of passion, elegance, wealth, femininity, intelligence, and fondness, among other things. Adding compost or organic matter will also be good not only to increase the nutrients in the soil, but to allow it to drain better. Cut about 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15 cm) off the tip of each branch. It could mean different things in different cultures. After choosing the location and making sure that the condition of the soil will be favorable, now is the time to plant the azalea. Light requirements for evergreen azaleas vary depending on the location. We are home and garden enthusiasts, we share our unique knowledge and expertise. The use of a slow release fertiliser such as Cross Hills Long-Life Fertiliser is the safest method. This attractive flowering shrub is well known for its masses of free flowing blooms in a vibrant range of reds, pinks, whites, purples and two tone varieties. This plant can have a height of six to eight feet. Height to 4ft (1.2m), spread to 5ft (1.5m). It is an upright variety and is also fast-growing, making it an ideal choice for impatient gardeners. The two most common deficiencies that … If you have an indoor azalea, see to it that the temperature is favorable for its condition. Neat and compact, azaleas are well-suited for container growing. Deciduous vs. Evergreen Azaleas. Azaleas have many small rootlets near the surface of the soil that need protection from dry conditions. To add, it will also redirect the energy to the production of newer and healthier growth. Some of the diseases that can be apparent include azalea gall, petal blight, powdery mildew, rust, and twig blight. For hundreds of years, many plant enthusiasts bred the plant, which explains why today, there are more than 10,000 cultivars that are available. You can also place a humidifier near the plant to alter the external environment and to provide the moisture that it needs, especially during the humid months. More information on how to take care of azaleas can be found on our Culture pages, particularly the article, Disease and Pests. Azaleas produce toxic honey, commonly referred to as “mad honey,” which leaks all throughout the plant. Foliage – evergreen Flowering – April-May. You can use fertilizers, but you should do it sparingly. For the most part, azaleas bloom earlier than rhododendrons. Her home-and-garden and nature articles have appeared in "Birds & Blooms" and "Alamance Today." Keep in mind that if you can avoid pruning, then this is a better option. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. While water is necessary for the growth of the plant, overdoing it is one of the leading causes of azalea’s death. The climate from where you live and the amount of space that is available are some of the considerations that you need to think about. If you water the azaleas from above, check the soil to make sure the water is penetrating the thick layer of mulch and reaching the root zone. White Evergreen Azaleas (White Tsutsuji Rhododendron) The white azalea plant is often grown in the eastern United States and requires more shade than most azaleas. See to it that the blooms are big enough depending on its specific variety. Cover it with light soil. Water only when the ground is firm and dry. Cut it using clean scissors, which will prevent the spread of infection to the healthy parts of the plant. When it comes to flowering shrubs, evergreen azaleas provide the charms of beauty and form to any garden. It is a shrub that grows to an average height of 36 to 48 inches. In winter some stand out with large evergreen leaves. It is a good choice to grow if you are in a place with a cooler climate. Here are some of the things that you should do to keep the plant in its best shape: Most people grow azalea purely for aesthetic purposes. If there is full sun, it can inhibit the growth of the plant. Azaleas often require specific sun and soil conditions, such as full sun or moist but well-draining soil. Deciduous Azaleas may be planted in Fall, but evergreen azaleas in spring at bud stage - or after flowering, which will be late spring. Plant azaleas in early spring; just before the new growth starts begins. Evergreen azaleas (Rhododendron spp.) They need a loose, moist but well-drained soil that is rich in acidic organic content such as composted oak leaves or pine needles. Examine the quality of the soil. Dip the roots in water and place it on the hole. A medium-sized (4 to 5 feet) low-spreading shrub, it has deep-green glossy leaves that may turn a chocolate-reddish color by late fall in regions with cold winters. Keep the soil evenly moist at all times. kaempferi, the most common native azalea of Japan, is one of the hardiest of the evergreen azaleas. Water only when the ground is firm and dry. Choose one that is appropriate for your place. It has pink blooms, which provide it with a delicate appearance. Azaleas are in the same plant family as blueberries and other shrubs sometimes called "acid-loving" plants.To reach their full potential for health and beauty, azaleas and other acid-lovers need acidic soil with a pH range near 4.0 to 5.5. Beyond that, azaleas generally have smaller leaves and branches and are more often deciduous, while rhododendrons have larger, leathery leaves and are usually evergreen. This cascading shrub has large salmon-pink flowers that stand out in a sea of dark green foliage. The Color of the Flower May Also Connote Different Meanings. Azaleas are not demanding in terms of the care and maintenance that they require. This is another azalea that is attractive because of its bright yellow blooms. Some deciduous azaleas add bright fall color before the leaves drop. 2. Evergreen azaleas thrive in the Puget Sound area when given proper care. Here are 10 popular types of azaleas to grow in the garden. Wait until after the shrub is through blooming for the year before shaping the plant. Too much fertilizer can kill the plant. Azaleas—Evergreen flowering shrubs with beautiful foliage, and round growing habit make them spectacular shrubs for a garden landscape. Height – 1 ½ to 4 feet (50 to 120 cm) Exposure – part sun and shade Soil – acid, heath soil. Evergreens that bloom twice a year sometimes have their second flush in fall. Although azaleas are generally free of pests and diseases with proper azalea care, common azalea diseases and problems do exist. It can be a deciduous or an evergreen plant. Miracle Gro Nature’s Care Evergreen & Shrub Plant Food (3-3-6) Apply fertilizer to the azalea’s root zone area (area occupied by nutrient and water-absorbing roots) which can extend beyond the drip line or outer-most branches. The Homeowner's Complete Tree & Shrub Handbook; Penelope O'Sullivan. Fertilize evergreen Azaleas when they start to bloom in spring with an azalea, camellia and rhododendron food or a slow-release shrub & tree food that contains sulfur and/or iron. Kurume azaleas. Alternatively, you can feed with a natural or organic plant food, preferably one that contains iron. Dwarf Norway spruce —This small-growing evergreen shrub has a low-spreading growth habit that is perfect as a specimen plant. Remove damaged, diseased and crossed branches any time of year. Most will take full open sun if given proper watering, fertilizing, and mulching. Use saw dust, wood chips, and pine needles, among others. Whether your azalea is a houseplant or an outdoor plant, the care guidelines are the same. Plant evergreen azaleas so that the soil line above the root ball sits slightly above the surrounding soil. If you wait until fall, you may lose the next season's blossoms. Some can also thrive well even in containers, which you can transplant in an open and bigger space when the plant grows. 'Stewartsonian' is an evergreen azaleas, a member of the Gable hybrid group, developed by the late Joseph Gable of Stewartson, Pennsylvania. Azaleas generally prefer rich, acidic soil. Generally speaking, azaleas are healthy, but without the right growing conditions, they can suffer from a number of problems. The color contrast will make it a good choice for border or accent plants. With careful site selection and adherence to care instructions, evergreen azaleas that smell good add brilliance to a yard. On average, the height of this type will reach up to five feet. It will also be necessary to prune the plant early in the spring. —R. Here are some of the things that you should do to keep the plant in its best shape: 1. You need to decide on which variety will work best for your environment. They also do not have scales in the bottom, unlike other rhododendrons. The color of the flowers may vary, but most of them are pink, white, yellow, red, purple, or orange. It is a low growing variety, which will usually have a height of two to four feet. Evergreen forms are more compact than deciduous types, creating low growing mounds that are densely packed with blooms. Evergreen Azaleas, sometimes known as Japanese Azaleas, are as popular as ever, and are ideal for any size of garden from a window box to a large estate. Prompt removal of problem branches helps prevent issues later on. The color of the flower may also connote different meanings. More often than not, the length of the flowers will be one to six inches. Name – Rhododendron Family – Ericaceae Type – shrub. Everything about Azaleas: How to Plant, Grow and Care for Azaleas, Nasturtium: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Nasturtiums Indoors, Anthurium: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Anthuriums Indoors, Geranium: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Geraniums Indoors. Broadleaf Flowering Evergreen & Foundation Plants, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: Evergreen Azaleas. Azalea key facts. Never prune after July 1st, as this will greatly reduce next spring’s blooms. Evergreen Azaleas. Regular pruning will help to keep the plant compact. Winter Care for Azaleas. Prepare heath plant soil mix and ensure the pot or container is wide enough.. To keep your Azalea japonica small, prune branches back after the blooming. Today, azalea is popular all over the world not only as a landscaping and ornamental plant, but also because of its symbolism. Cut long enough so that there will be a stem. Prune deciduous azaleas while they are dormant and leafless. Providing Azaleas With Proper Soil. Azaleas used to be considered a different genus of plant than rhododendrons, but now they are classed as two of … Check the requirements for your chosen variety to make sure it is suited to the location you have in mind. This is an essential of the Japanese tea garden as a symbol of spring, and is found in gardens throughout Asia. One of the most important is that it should be well-draining. When it comes to leaves, on the other hand, they are pointy, soft, and thin. This will depend on the specific variety of the plant. From the color of the blooms to the size of the plant, there can be plenty of differences. The physical appearance of azalea may vary. It should be shady with indirect sunlight. Azaleas are hard to beat if you’re looking for a low-maintenance plant that produces masses of bright color and attractive foliage. In spring the flowers are showy; throughout the summer and fall the leaves add a pleasing, deep green color to the garden. This prolific bloomer will have red orange flowers. Once you understand the site requirements for your azalea bush, Azalea Care is easy. With this, the only time that you have to harvest the flower is when you have to use it in a bouquet or floral arrangement. 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